Stale Seedbed Method

Refer to "Stale and False Seedbeds" in Section P. Vegetable Crops for information on the following options.

acetic acid

ammonium nonanoate, ammonium salts of fatty acids

carfentrazone

caprylic and capric acids

clove oil, peppermint oil, rosemary oil, thyme oil

decanoic acid, octanoic acid, pelargonic acid

flaming

glyphosate

d-limonene

paraquat (restricted-use herbicide in Idaho and Oregon for acute toxicity)

pyraflufen