New Plantings

clethodim (Intensity, Intensity One and other product names)

Rate 0.094 to 0.125 lb ai/a (6 to 8 oz/a of 2 EC formulation)

Time Apply to actively growing grasses, including annual bluegrass, at growth stage listed on label, using 0.5% to 1% nonphytotoxic crop oil or 0.25% nonionic surfactant.

Remarks Carefully read label about adjuvants, effects of rain within 1 hour, application of other pesticides, and cultivation. 'Intensity' and 'Intensity One' have Special Local Needs (SLN) labels: WA-180004 and WA-180005, for chemigation application. 'Vaquero' has a SLN label in Oregon for chemigation application: OR-190014.

Site of action Group 1: acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitor

Chemical family Cyclohexanedione

clopyralid (Stinger)

Rate 0.1 to 0.25 lb ai/a (0.25 to 0.66 pint/a product)

Time Apply only when cranberries are not actively growing. In new plantings, this begins when cranberry vines go dormant in late fall and ends with early bud break.

Remarks Newly growing vines are very sensitive to Stinger. Identify susceptible weed species (legume and composite families), and apply postemergence when weed canopy becomes visible. Do not add surfactant or crop oil. SLN labels: WA-030006 and OR-030009.

Site of action Group 4: synthetic auxin

Chemical family Pyridine

mesotrione (Callisto)

Rate 0.125 to 0.25 lb ai/a (4 to 8 oz/a product)

Time Apply only after bud break but less than 45 days before flooding.

Remarks Use with a nonionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v or crop oil at 1% v/v as recommended by the label. Callisto may be applied in cranberries at a rate up to 8 fl oz/a. Do not exceed 16 fl oz/a, or two applications per year. Allow at least 14 days between treatments. Callisto may be applied through irrigation systems (chemigation) including center pivot or solid set.

Caution Avoid using crop oils that injure cranberry vines.

Site of action Group 27: inhibits 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvatedioxygenase (4-HPPD)

Chemical family Triketone

napropamide (Devrinol DF-XT, 2XT)

Rate 3 lb ai/a (6 lb/a Devrinol DF-XT)

Time Apply to weed-free soil surface after planting.

Remarks Use lower rate on sandy soils. Requires irrigation or rain to activate. Results are best when applied just before weed seeds germinate. Devrinol may be applied through the sprinkler irrigation systems.

Site of action Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis

Chemical family Acetamide

norflurazon (Evital 5G)

Rate 1 to 1.5 lb ai/a (20 to 30 lb/a product)

Time Apply after newly planted vines have rooted, but preferably in late winter or early spring, before weed growth begins.

Remarks 1 to 1.5 lb ai/a have performed adequately on new beds with low organic matter and high sand; 2.5 lb ai/a are required for new beds with high organic content.

Caution Do not exceed 2.5 lb ai/a total on new beds in 1 year. Hybrid varieties such as "Stevens" and "Pilgrim" are more prone to injury than "McFarlin." Injury is likely in areas where water puddles. Avoid use in consecutive years if crop phytotoxicity was noted in year one. Use lower rates and alternate with other herbicides as soon as labels permit.

Site of action Group 12: bleaching; inhibits carotenoid biosynthesis

Chemical family Pyridazinone

sethoxydim (Poast)

Rate Spray: 0.28 to 0.47 lb ai/a (1.5 to 2.5 pints/a product). Spot treat: 2 oz or 4 Tbsp/gal water + 2.5 oz or 4 Tbsp crop oil concentrate

Time Apply at optimum growth stage listed on the label.

Remarks Identify susceptible grasses and add 2 pints/a of a nonphytotoxic crop oil concentrate to improve leaf absorption. Control often is erratic on grasses stunted or stressed from drought, high temperatures, or low fertility. Resistant grasses include annual bluegrass and all fine fescues. Inhibits fatty acid production, cell membranes and new growth.

Site of action Group 1: acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitor

Chemical family Cyclohexanedione