Pest description and damage White pine weevils are brown beetles with snouts and elbowed antennae that range from 0.2 to 0.3 inch in length. These weevils have rusty-colored wing covers with black and white patches. Adults grow to about 0.5 inch in length and feed on shoots and needles of pines and spruces. The larvae feed on needles and mine shoot tips, often distorting or killing back the terminals and causing trees to appear deformed. Infested terminals often develop a "shepherd's crook" appearance. The weevil attacks eastern white pine (Pinus strobus), Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), and a wide variety of other pines and spruce and even Douglas-fir.
Biology and life history Adult beetles overwinter in litter on the ground. In the spring, adults walk or fly to host trees, where they settle on the leader to mate. Eggs are deposited in a cavity made by the female chewing with her snout into the bark of the tree. The eggs hatch, and the larvae commence feeding in the bark, killing the leader. As they feed, the current season's growth is emerging, but this soon collapses, causing the characteristic "shepherd's crook." The larvae then bore into the wood to pupate. The adult weevils emerge in late summer (around mid-August into fall) and overwinter in organic debris on the ground. There is one generation per year.
Prune and destroy affected terminals in the summer before adult beetles emerge. This will help reduce next year's infestation.
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