Christmas tree (Common pests)-Spruce budworm

Choristoneura fumiferana

Pest description and crop damage Green-brown larvae up to 1-inch long feed on foliage and buds of fir, spruce, and Douglas-fir.

Management-chemical control

Apply May-June or when bud flush is at 90 to 95% and new growth is 0.75 to 1 inch. Pay particular attention to areas adjacent to infested forest. Two applications may be necessary.

  • carbaryl (Sevin and others)-(Group 1)
  • chlorpyrifos (Lorsban Advanced, Warhawk and others)-Restricted use pesticide. (Group 1)
  • Chromobacterium subtugae strain PRAA4-I (MBI-203)-OMRI-listed for organic production.
  • esfenvalerate (Asana XL and others)-Restricted use pesticide. (Group 3)
  • emamectin benzoate (Enfold)-Restricted use pesticide. (Group 6)
  • flubendiamide (Belt SC)-(Group 28)
  • methoxyfenozide (Intrepid 2F)-(Group 18)
  • spinosad (Blackhawk, Conserve, Entrust and others)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic production. (Group 5)
  • tebufenozide (Confirm)-(Group 18)